“Black Death, COVID, and Why We Keep Telling the Myth of a Renaissance Golden Age and Bad Middle Ages.” Ex Urbe, 4 June 2020, www.exurbe.com/black-death-covid-and-why-we-keep-telling-the-myth-of-a-renaissance-golden-age-and-bad-middle-ages/. A detailed article describing misconceptions surrounding the Renaissance as a Golden Age.
 “Is the WFH the New Normal? The Answer Might Surprise You.” UC Summit, 18 June 2020, ucsummit.com/is-the-wfh-the-new-normal-the-answer-might-surprise-you/. A discussion of the benefits and detriments of a permanent work-from-home society.
 Evans, Jonathan. “The Full Story Behind Patagonia’s ‘Vote the Assholes Out’ Tags.” Esquire, 19 Sept. 2020, www.esquire.com/style/mens-fashion/a34078539/patagonia-vote-the-assholes-out-shorts-tag-meaning/. Patagonia’s “Vote the Assholes Out” campaign, explained.
 “Our Epic Battle #LikeAGirl.” Always®, 2014, www.always.com/en-us/about-us/our-epic-battle-like-a-girl. The Always #LikeAGirl campaign rages an epic battle to empower confidence in the next generation of females.
 “Dove Men+Care Partners With NBPA.” HAPPI, 2020, www.happi.com/contents/view_breaking-news/2020-09-15/dove-mencare-partners-with-nbpa/. This article details the partnership between Dove Men+Care and the National Basketball Players Association (NBPA) to create messages around empowering black men.
 Cobb, Jelani. “Behind Nike’s Decision to Stand by Colin Kaepernick.” The New Yorker, The New Yorker, 4 Sept. 2018, www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/behind-nikes-decision-to-stand-by-colin-kaepernick. A look inside Colin Kaepernick’s battle to stand up for the rights of minorities in the United States and Nike’s decision to support him.
 “How Brands and Agencies Responded to Racial Injustice in the First Month Following George Floyd’s Death.” Ad Age, 7 July 2020, adage.com/article/cmo-strategy/how-brands-and-agencies-responded-racial-injustice-first-month-following-george-floyds-death/2265626. Archived blog tracking how marketers, media companies and agencies took a stand against racism in the period to June 30, 2020.
 Smith, Ben. “How a New Breed of Union Activists Is Changing the Rules (and Newsrooms).” The New York Times, The New York Times, 4 May 2020, www.nytimes.com/2020/05/03/business/media/coronavirus-union-newsrooms.html. Background information regarding contemporary unionization.
 Covert, Bryce. “How Kickstarter Employees Formed a Union.” Wired, Conde Nast, 27 May 2020, www.wired.com/story/how-kickstarter-employees-formed-union/. Details about Kickstarter employees’ push for unionization.
 Hamilton, Isobel Asher. “Facebook Publicly Tears Itself Apart over Mark Zuckerberg’s Decision to Keep up Trump’s Posts about the George Floyd Protests.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 1 June 2020, www.businessinsider.com/internal-strife-facebook-zuckerberg-trump-2020-6. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg’s decision to leave up President Trump’s post threatening US protestors has enraged many employees.
 Bowles, Nellie. “’I Don’t Really Want to Work for Facebook.’ So Say Some Computer Science Students.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 15 Nov. 2018, www.nytimes.com/2018/11/15/technology/jobs-facebook-computer-science-students.html. Young computer scientists are increasingly unattracted to working at Facebook, where employees are increasingly dissatisfied with working conditions and products.
 “Put the Gig Economy to Work for You.” Gallup, 13 Oct. 2020, www.gallup.com/workplace/240878/gig-economy-paper-2018.aspx. A service that uncovers gig workers’ unique needs in order to manage, motivate and engage them and to see better business outcomes as a result.
 “The Turing-Welchman Bombe.” The National Museum of Computing, www.tnmoc.org/bombe. Detailed history of the creation and implementation of the WWII decoder Turing-Welchman Bombe Machine, now on display at the National Museum of Computing.
 Staff, EPI. “The Productivity–Pay Gap.” Economic Policy Institute, July 2019, www.epi.org/productivity-pay-gap/. Charts and data supporting the hypothesis that there is a drastically increasing productivity-pay gap in the US.
 “Why Is Productivity Growth so Weak? 23 Economic Experts Weigh In.” Economic Forecasts from the World’s Leading Economists, FocusEconomics, 20 Apr. 2017, www.focus-economics.com/blog/why-is-productivity-growth-so-low-23-economic-experts-weigh-in. Data and theories from experts around the world, discussing productivity growth in economics.
 Remes, Jaana, et al. “Solving the Productivity Puzzle.” McKinsey & Company, McKinsey & Company, 23 July 2020, www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/regions-in-focus/solving-the-productivity-puzzle. New research shows three factors creating historically low productivity growth, but the research also shows potential for two percent or more recovery.
 Francis, Sam. “Robot Ethics: Three Things Industry Can Learn from New Robotic Standards.” Robotics & Automation News, 2 Mar. 2017, roboticsandautomationnews.com/2017/03/02/what-we-can-learn-from-robot-ethics-three-things-industry-can-learn-from-new-robotic-standards/11675/.
This article details modern standards for robotic ethics in the workplace.
 “OSHA Robotics Standards.” Safety and Health Topics | Robotics – Standards | Occupational Safety and Health Administration, OSHA, 21 Sept. 1987, www.osha.gov/SLTC/robotics/standards.html. OSHA guidelines for compliance officers, employers, and employees for the safe operation and use of robots and robotic systems.
 “BS 8611:2016.” BS 8611, bsi, Apr. 2016, shop.bsigroup.com/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030320089. Guidelines for the identification of potential ethical harm arising from the growing number of robots and autonomous systems being used in everyday life.
 “Could Your Robot Hurt Someone?” FORT Robotics, 16 Sept. 2020, fortrobotics.com/robot-safety/. FORT Robotics consults with robotic and autonomous system users to create safe conditions for development and deployment.
 Harrison, Sara. “AI May Not Kill Your Job-Just Change It.” Wired, Conde Nast, 31 Oct. 2019, www.wired.com/story/ai-not-kill-job-change-it/. A report from MIT and IBM says not to fear robots, but the algorithms replacing tasks able to be automated.
 “Charts Related to the Latest ‘The Employment Situation’ News Release | More Chart Packages.” Civilian Unemployment Rate, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 19 Oct. 2020, www.bls.gov/charts/employment-situation/civilian-unemployment-rate.htm. Seasonally adjusted civilian unemployment rate charts.
 Wahba, Phil. “Walmart’s Online Sales Surge during the Pandemic, Bolstering Its Place as a Strong No. 2 to Amazon.” Fortune, Fortune, 20 May 2020, fortune.com/2020/05/19/walmart-online-sales-amazon-ecommerce/. Walmart and Amazon have bolstered online business to thrive during the pandemic.
 Friedman, Gillian. “Big-Box Retailers’ Profits Surge as Pandemic Marches On.” Big-Box Retailers’ Profits Surge as Pandemic Marches On, The New York Times, 19 Aug. 2020, www.nytimes.com/2020/08/19/business/coronavirus-walmart-target-home-depot.html Walmart and Target reported record sales in the second quarter, driven by the convenience of one-stop shopping and their e-commerce operations.
 Semuels, Alana. Many Companies Won’t Survive the Pandemic. Amazon Will Emerge Stronger Than Ever, Time, 28 July 2020, time.com/5870826/amazon-coronavirus-jeff-bezos-congress/. Amazon’s online digital sales enables the sales giant to thrive during the pandemic.
 Sundaram, Anjali. “Yelp Data Shows 60% of Business Closures Due to the Coronavirus Pandemic Are Now Permanent.” CNBC, 16 Sept. 2020, www.cnbc.com/2020/09/16/yelp-data-shows-60percent-of-business-closures-due-to-the-coronavirus-pandemic-are-now-permanent.html. Yelp shares data describing the permanence of business closures due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
 Horowitz, Juliana Menasce, et al. “Trends in U.S. Income and Wealth Inequality.” Social & Demographic Trends, Pew Research Center, 17 Aug. 2020, www.pewsocialtrends.org/2020/01/09/trends-in-income-and-wealth-inequality/. A paper detailing trends in household income and wealth inequality.
 Parker, Kim, et al. “Economic Fallout From COVID-19 Continues To Hit Lower-Income Americans the Hardest.” Social & Demographic Trends, Pew Research Center, 24 Sept. 2020, www.pewsocialtrends.org/2020/09/24/economic-fallout-from-covid-19-continues-to-hit-lower-income-americans-the-hardest/. Pew data shows that half of adults who say they lost a job due to the coronavirus outbreak are still unemployed.
 Buckley, Patricia, and Akrur Barua. “COVID-19’s Impact on US Income Inequality: It’s Going to Get Worse before It Gets Better.” Deloitte Insights, 23 July 2020, www2.deloitte.com/us/en/insights/economy/issues-by-the-numbers/covid-19-impact-on-income-inequality.html. Deloitte research shows Blacks and Hispanics, disproportionately employed in low-paying occupations, are more likely to have been disrupted by COVID-19.
 “Uber Drivers Struggling to Survive amid Coronavirus Pandemic: DW: 07.08.2020.” Deutsche Welle, 2020, www.dw.com/en/uber-drivers-struggling-to-survive-amid-coronavirus-pandemic/av-54481354. Bookings at ride hailing app Uber nosedived amid national lockdowns, causing the incomes of drivers to almost dry up.
 Wagner, David. “Here’s How AB5, California’s New Freelancer Law, Could Affect You.” LAist, 31 Dec. 2019, laist.com/2019/12/31/ab5_california_gig_economy_workers_uber_lyft_freelance_writers_musicians_dynamex_lorena_gonzalez.php. This article describes the widespread impacts of California AB5, which rewrites the rules of freelance and gig work in California.
 “California Proposition 22, App-Based Drivers as Contractors and Labor Policies Initiative (2020).” Ballotpedia, 2020, ballotpedia.org/California_Proposition_22,_App-Based_Drivers_as_Contractors_and_Labor_Policies_Initiative_(2020). California Proposition 22, App-Based Drivers as Contractors and Labor Policies Initiative, is on the ballot in California for the 2020 election.
 Sammon, Alexander. “California Proposition 22, App-Based Drivers as Contractors and Labor Policies Initiative (2020).” Ballotpedia, 5 Oct. 2020, ballotpedia.org/California_Proposition_22,_App-Based_Drivers_as_Contractors_and_Labor_Policies_Initiative_(2020). Uber and Lyft incentivize employees to back California Proposition 22 to improve efficiency.